Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple

Description of the Diety

Lord Shiva :
This temple of Shiva or Lord Vaidyanath faces the east, and is 72 feet tall, is lotus shaped. The lingam is of cylindrical form about 5 inches in diameter and projects about 4 inches from the center of large slab of basalt. It is not possible to ascertain how much of the lingam is actually buried. The top is broken and has uneven surface. There are different porches in this temple. One porch leads to the cell where the lingam is fixed. The second porch is in front with row of pillars spanned by blocks of basalt and on right side there is sandstone image of a bull.

Historical information

This temple is situated in spacious courtyard bounded by stone walls. In temple complex there are twenty two other temples. The Lord Baijnath or Lord Vaidyanath temple faces east. The top of Lord Shiva Lingam is slightly broken, keeping with the legend that it was chipped away when Ravana tried to uproot it. Near the temple is Shiva Ganga Lake. The Chandrakoopa well, near the main entrance is said to have been built and consecrated with water from several tirthams by Ravana.

The presiding deity of this temple is self-manifested Lord Vaidyanath or Baidyanath (Shiva) in the form of Lingam. Each of the Jyotirlinga temples has different manifestation of Lord Shiva and idol of Lingam is considered as presiding deity in every Jyotirlinga temples. Lingam represents the beginning less or endless, which symbolizes the infinite nature of Lord Shiva. The three following temples are considered to be the “real Jyotirlinga of Lord Vaidyanath”.
Baidyanath temple at Deogarh, Jharkhand
Vaijnath temple at Parli, Maharashtra
Baijnath temple at Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh

Significance Of Diety

The significance of Lord Baba Baidyanath Dhams is that the main temple is beyond historical dates. Devotees visit it from the period of Lord Rama, the king of Ayodhya. The top of the temple contains three ascending shaped gold vessels which are compactly set, which were donated by Maharaja of Gidhaur Raja Puran Singh.

Besides these pitcher shaped vessels, there is a ‘PUNCHSULA’ (Five knives in Trident shape), which is very rare. The lingam is of cylindrical form about 5 inches in diameter and projects about 4 inches from the center of large slab of basalt.

Devotees also believe that Lord Shiva first turned himself into Jyotirlinga on the night of the Aridra Nakshatra, thus the special reverence for the Jyotirlinga. The Jyotirlinga is the supreme in reality, out of which Shiva partly appears. The Jyotirlinga temples thus are places where Lord Shiva appeared as sizzling column of light.

Lord Vaidyanath is also considered to be one of the 52 Shakti Pitha temples of Sati. It is believed that the heart of Sati fell here, when her half burnt body being carried by Lord Shiva at the end of Daksha's Yagna, was chopped to pieces by Vishnu's chakra

Shtala Purama

According to myth or legend of Lord Baba Baidyanath Dham, depicts an interesting story behind the building of the Dham. During the Tretha Yuga according to Shiva Purana, Lord Ravana, the demon king wanted to have Lord Shiva’s abode in his capital permanently in his palace as safe from invasions.

So he meditated& offered prayers every day to please the Lord. The Lord found it very impressive and asked him to carry his lingam to Lanka but on one condition that entire journey from Mt.Kailash to Lanka should not have any interruptions in the journey to Sri Lanka.

If for any reason in course of this journey if the Lingaa Falls / or kept on Ground than He shall reside there forever. The Gods fearing that this would enable Lord Ravana invincible, decided to work against this plan. So it was after many issues& hurdles on the way it was planned by Lord Vishnu to deceive Lord Ravana and brought this Lingam to Earth where it is restored permanently. Thus the 12 of Jyotirlingas story began and each one of the Jyotirlingas have one unique legend behind its consecration.

Lord 'Baidyanath chithabhoomau' [sivmahapuran kotirudra Samhita 1/21-24 and sivmahapuran satarudra Samhita 42/1-4] is an ancient verse which identifies location of Lord Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga. According to which Baidyanath is in 'chidabhoomi', which is the ancient name of Deogarh. In Dwadasa Jyotirlinga sthothram, Saint Sri Adi Sankaracharya has praised Lord Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga in following verses


The importance of Jyotirlinga is well known to all. Its renowned sanctity is attached to Hindu view of the socio-religious life of India. Jyotirlinga means the linga of light, i.e. a symbolic form of a stone tinctured with the cycle of light. It is a very surprising acknowledgment to us that these twelve Jyotir linga spray the rays of the light in the panorama of our life. It may be assumed that these Jyotirlingas expels the proceeds of light which is generating with spiritual and cosmos consciousness for all. The light of Jyotirlinga is the light of cosmos which is realized by the power of soul as a whole.

Being one out of the twelve Jyotirlingas, Lord Baidyanath is famous for all. Deogarh, the home of gods, is modern name. In Puranas we find in its place names known as Haridrapeetha, Ketakivan, Haritalik Van, Chitabhoomi and Vaidyanath. In Bengal and upper provinces this place is generally known as Baidyanath Dham.

The sanctity of Baidyanath is mentioned in several Puranas which refer to it and as they are unquestionably the golden treasure of Hindu religion and culture, Lord Baidyanath Jyotirlinga has attained great importance.

Temple Timings

  • 4:00 a.m to 3:30 p.m. and 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Darshan Timings

  • 4:00 a.m to 3:30 p.m. and 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.


Baba Baidyanath Mandir,
Shivganga Muhalla,
Pera Gali, Deoghar,
Jharkhand, INDIA 814112


Lord Babadham is located in north-eastern Jharkhand, four miles from Jasidih railway station on main line of Eastern Railway from Howrah to Delhi. There is small railway branch line from Jasidih to Babadham. The railway station at Babadham is called Baidyanath Dham.

Babadham stands near Grand Trunk Road connecting Calcutta with Delhi. From the G.T. Road, you can take turn to the state road at Bagodar or at Dumri. Devotees visiting from Kolkata or other parts of West Bengal can adopt this route via Jamtara.

In the North-East Dumka, Rajmahal and Bhagalpur; in the North-West Munger; in the West Hazaribag and in the South Giridih district borders this region.

Road Routes :
From Lord Baba Baidyanath Dham to Patna:

  1. Deoghar-Jasidih-Chakai-Kodarma-Nawada-Biharsarif-Bakhtiyarpur-Patna.
  2. Deoghar-Jamui-Sikandra-Nawada--Biharsarif-Bakhtiyarpur-Patna
  3. Deoghar-Jamui-Sikandra-Sekhpura-Barbigha-Biharsarif-Bakhtiyarpur-Patna
  4. Deoghar-Chakai-Jamui-Lakhisarai-Barahiya-Mokama-Barh-Bakhtiyarpur-Patna.

From Lord Baba Baidyanath Dham to Ranchi:

  1. Deoghar-Sarath-Madhupur-Giridih-Dhanbad-Chas-Bokaro-Ramgarh-Ranchi
  2. Deoghar-Madhupur-Giridih-Dumri-Bagodar-Hazaribagh-Ranchi.
  3. Deoghar-Sarath-Chitra-Jamtara-Chitranjan-Maithon-Dhanbad-Bokaro-Ramgarh-Ranchi.
  4. Deoghar-Dhanbad-Chas-Chasmor-Muri-Silli-Ranchi.
  5. Deoghar-Devipur-Bengabad-Giridih-Dumri-Bagodar-Hazaribagh-Ramgarh-Ranchi
  6. Deoghar-Chakai-Rajdhanwar-Sariya-Bagodar-Hazaribagh-Ramgarh-Ranchi.

From Lord Baba Baidyanath Dham to Kolkata :

  1. Deoghar-Sarath-Chitra-Jamtara-Chitranjan-Asansol-Durgapur-Kolkata.
  2. Deoghar-Dumka-Masanjor-Siudi-Saintiya-Pannagarh-Burdwan-Kolkata.

Travel Mode

By Road :
Deoghar is reachable from Kolkata 373 km, Giridih 112 km, Patna 281 km, Dumka 67 km, Madhupur 57 km, Shimultala 53 km and other places. Regular buses are available from surrounding towns.
By Rail :
Nearest rail way station is Jasidih railway station, which is 7 Km from Vaidyanath temple. Jasidh is 311 Km from Howrah/Sealdah on Patna route.
By Air :
Nearest Airports are Ranchi (385 kms) and Patna (270 kms). And Kolkata can be considered as the next nearest airport.

Nearby Temples

  • Add your content..."Ravaneshwar Temple
  • Annapurna Temple
  • Parvati Temple
  • Ram Janki Temple
  • Rama Krishna Mission Temple
  • Maa Kali Temple
  • Naulakha Temple
  • Shiv Temple
  • Durgabari Temple"

Surrounding Places to Visit

  1. Trikuta Parvata
  2. Satsang Ashram


Uma Bhawan- Located within the Baba Baidyanath Temple Complex is UMA BHAWAN where we have rooms and dormitory equipped with all facilities. For bookings, interested devotees and travel agents can contact the following numbers of the Baba Mandir office:

Baba Mandir Office, Deoghar - Phone No. 06432-232295

Private Accomodation



SL.No Sevas / Poojas Amount
1 Pushpanjali
Minimum Honorarium to Purohith(s)
Puja Materials
Minimum contribution for temple development
2 Panchopachar
Minimum Honorarium to Purohith(s)
Puja Materials
Minimum contribution for temple development
3 Pshodashopachar
Minimum Honorarium to Purohith(s)
Puja Materials
Minimum contribution for temple development
4 Chausath Upachar
Minimum Honorarium to Purohith(s)
Puja Materials
Minimum contribution for temple development
5 Vaidik Rudrabhishek and Shiv Pujan  
6 Baba Baidyanath Wilvapatra Arpan  
7 Offering Of Milk  
8 Baba Baidyanath Shringar  
9 Dainik Puja  

Annual Uthsavas

  1. Shrawana mela: Shrawan mela is one very famous festival celebrated at Lord Baba Baidyanath Dham. During the month of Shrawan, lakhs of devotees throng this Lord Baba Baidyanath temple. The Shrawan mela is also very important and devotees celebrate it with much splendour and festivity. It continues thourghout or entire Shrawan month for 30 days.
  2. Mahashivaratri – February or March