Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple

Description of the Diety

Vishwanatha (Lord Shiva) :
The main deity is known by Lord Vishwanatha or Vishveshvara meaning Ruler of Our Universe. Inside the Kashi Vishwanatha Temple is the Jyotirlinga of Shiva, Vishveshvara or Vishwanatha. The Vishveshvara Jyotirlinga has very special and unique significance in the spiritual history of India.

According to structure of this temple, there is Sabha Gruha or Congregation Hall leading to inner Garbha Gruha or Sanctum Sanctorum. The venerable Jyotirlinga is dark brown colored stone which is enshrined in the Sanctum, is placed on silver platform. Structure of the Mandir is composed of three parts. The first part compromises spire on Mandir of Lord Vishwanatha or Mahadeva. The second is golden dome and the third is golden shikhara of Lord Vishwanatha carrying flag and trident on top of this Temple.

Associated Dieties

Sri Ulagamman
Goddess Sri Shenbagam

Historical information

This unique Temple is stands on western bank of India's holiest river Ganges; Varanasi is the oldest surviving city of this world and is considered as cultural capital of India. It is in the heart of this city stands in its fullest majestic temple is he Lord Kashi Vishwanatha Temple which is enshrined the Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva, Vishveshvara or Vishwanatha.

Here descend millions of devotees of India to seek blessings and spiritual peace by darshan of this Jyotirlinga which confers liberation from the bondages of Maya and unescapable entanglements of this materialistic world. By visiting LORD SRI KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE and glimpse of this Jyotirlinga is soul-cleansing experience which transforms your life and enabling devotee on path of knowledge, bhakti and devotion to God.

Vishveshvara Jyotirlinga is very special and has unique significance in the spiritual history of India. Tradition narrates & immense benefits/merits earned by this darshan compared to visit to other Jyotirlinga across parts of India accrue to devotee by a single visit to Kashi Vishwanatha Temple.

Deeply and intimately implanted in staunch Hindu mind, Lord Kashi Vishwanatha Temple is living embodiment of our timeless religious & cultural traditions and with highest spiritual values. The Temple has been visited by all great saints-such as Sri Adi Shankaracharya,Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa,Sri Swami Vivekananda, Sant Goswami Tulsidas, Sri Maharishi Dayanand Saraswathi, Sant Gurunanak and also several spiritual personalities.

The Lord Kashi Vishwanatha Temple attracts visitors not only from India but also across the world as this temple visit symbolizes mankind’s desire to live in peace and harmony with one another.

Lord Vishwanatha considered as supreme repository of this spiritual truth thus strengthens the bonds of universal brotherhood and fellow feeling at the national as well at global levels. On January 28, 1983 this Temple was officially engaged by the Government of Uttar Pradesh and it's management now stands entrusted to the Trust managed by Dr. Vibhuti Narayan Singh. Former Kashi Naresh, as its president and an Executive Committee with Divisional Commissioner as Chairman. This Temple in the present shape was constructed in 1780 by Late Maharani Ahailya Bai Holkar of Indore. In year 1785 Naubatkhana was built in front of the Temple by then Collector Mohamed Ibrahim Khan at the instance of Governor General Warren Hastings. In 1839, two domes of the Temple were covered by gold donated by Punjab King Kesari Maharaja Ranjeet Singh. Third dome but was remained uncovered, Ministry of cultures & Religious affairs of U.P. Govt. took keen interest for gold plating of third dome of his Temple.

Significance Of Diety

Lord Kashi Vishwanatha Temple has most religious importance for the worship in the Hindu religion. Many great Hindu saints (like Sri Adi Sankaracharya, Sri Goswami Tulsidas, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Sri, Swami Dayananda Saraswathi, Sri Swami Vivekananda, Sant Gurunanak etc.) visited this temple in Varanasi also to take bath in this holy river of Ganges and to have Darshan of this Lord Kashi Vishwanatha Jyotirlinga. It is believed that the one who takes bath (at least once in their lifetime) in this Holy River Ganges in this holy city of Varanasi will attain Moksha in this birth. Truly devotees of the Lord Shiva get freedom from the cycle of the death and birth. After death they directly intermingled into the Mahadev. People believe that any devotee who decides to end their life at this place of Varanasi, Lord Shiva would enable and utter the mantra of freedom in his ear to depart from this world Details about this Shiva temple is described in the Kashi Khanda of Skanda Purana. Kashi Vishwanatha temple was constructed by then King Harish Chandra in 11th century. This temple was destroyed and reconstructed many times. The current reconstruction was carried out by the Hindu Maratha queen Ahailya Bai Holkar of Malwa kingdom

Shtala Purama

As per Shiva Purana, once Lord Brahma (Hindu God for creation of universe) and Lord Vishnu (Hindu God of Harmony) had an argument in terms of supremacy of creation of Universe/Mankind, In order to test their skills Lord Shiva pierced the three worlds into a huge endless pillar of light, the Jyotirlinga. Vishnu and Brahma split their ways to downwards and upwards respectively to find the end of the light in either direction. Lord Brahma lied that he had found out the end, while Lord Vishnu conceded his defeat. Lord Shiva appeared as second pillar of light and cursed Lord Brahma for the lies he committed that he would have no ceremonies/Pooja to be offered in this world, while Vishnu would be worshiped until the end of eternity.

The Jyotirlinga is the supreme part less reality, out of which Lord Shiva partly appears. This Jyotirlinga Temples thus this is the place where Lord Shiva self-manifested as a fiery column of light. There are 64 forms of Lord Shiva, not to be confused with Jyotirlingas. Each of the twelve Jyotirlinga sites adopts the name of the presiding deity and each of these is considered different self-manifestations of Lord Shiva. At all these sites, the primary image of lingam representing the beginning and endless Stambha or pillar, symbolizing the infinite nature of Lord Shiva. The twelve Jyotirlinga are located across India as follows:- Somanath in Gujarat, Mallikarjuna at Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh, Mahakaleshwar at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh, Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh, Kedarnatha in Himalayas, Bhimashankar in Maharashtra, Vishwanatha at Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, Thrayambakeshwar in Maharashtra, Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, Deogarh in Deogarh, Jharkhand, Nageshwar at Dwarka in Gujarat, Rameshwara at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu and Grishneshwar at Aurangabad in Maharashtra.

The Manikarnika Ghats on the banks of River Ganges near to the Kashi Vishwanatha Temple is considered as a Shakti Peethas, revered place of worship for the Shaktism sect. The mythology of Daksha Yagna, as per Shaivite literature which is considered as an important literature which has the story about the origin of Shakti Peethas. It is said that Lord Shiva came to the Kashi Vishwanatha Shrine through Manikarnika after the death of Sati Devi.


Shiva the Supreme: Shiva Linga, the Mandala :
The frame of the cosmic reality, according to ancient Hindu thought, consists of the three fundamental states called evolution (Shrishthi), existence (sthiti), and involution (samhara) these are the acts of evolution or cyclic process of infinity. Each one of the forms is controlled by God, named as follows Lord Brahma (the creator), Lord Vishnu (the preserver) and Lord Siva/Shiva (the destroyer); these three Gods are known as the Trinity. Lord Shiva being the last to complete the cycle from where the new cycle begins and is known as Mahadev, the Supreme Divinity. The iconographic form of the Lord Shiva, the Linga represents the unity of the three states of cosmos (shown in above as).The Linga consists of these three parts.

The first which is the square base of three-layers at the bottom showing the three mythical realms (lokas or Universe), symbolizing evolution the place of Lord Brahma. The second is an octagonal round form in the middle showing the eight directions, symbolizing existence or perseverance the place of Lord Vishnu; and third is the cylinder at the top with spherical end, symbolizing involution or completion of the cosmic cycle the place of Lord Shiva. This icon shows the supreme state of integrity, the ultimate form of Lord Shiva linga itself is symbol of cosmic mandala. As Sadashiv (eternal reality) Lord Shiva is represented as linga, standing also for 'total knowledge'. As Lord Rudra (Shiva), the destroyer, his consort is MAA Kali. Also As Lord Bhairava, the final destroyer, his consort is Goddess Durga. Happy posture of living in the Himalaya with his wife Goddess Parvati. As possessor of all forms of divine power Lord Shiva traversing at the bottom of everything which is moving, is why is called as Lord Ishwar, derived from I-cara, i.e. I the center, and cara, the rhythm of movement. Lord Shiva is also depicted as cosmic dancer, Tandava Nartakari, the one who maintain the entire rhythm of the world in cosmos.

** Special Note: P.S. :
Above all information’s regarding Shivalinga and its description has been derived here from "The Linga Purna" and the book "Banaras Region: A spiritual & Cultural Guide. Indica Books, Varanasi. Pilgrimage & Cosmology Series: 1 written by "Prof. Rana P. B. Singh & Dr. Pravin S. Rana

Do's & Dont's

Dress Code :
Although there is no prescribed strict dress code for entering the Kashi Vishwanath Temple premises, it is advised to wear decent clothes to visit the shrine. Shorts and miniskirts are generally not encouraged.

Specific Rules & Regulations

Security arrangements do not allow any cell phones, camera, belts with metal buckle, cigarettes, lighters, etc. inside the temple.

Temple Timings

  • Morning - 2:30 A.M. to Night - 11:00 P.M.

Darshan Timings

  • Morning - 4:00 A.M. to 11:00 A.M.
  • Afternoon : 12:00 P.M. to 7:00 P.M.
  • From Night - 8:30 P.M. to 9:00 P.M.
  • After 9 P.M., pilgrims are allowed to view the Lord from outside the sanctum.

Seva Bookings

  • Available

Seva Timings

  1. Mangala Aarti: 3:00 AM to 4:00 AM (Morning)
  2. Bhoga Aarti: 11:15 AM to 12:20 AM (Day)
  3. Sandhya Aarti: 7:00 PM to 8:15 PM (Evening)
  4. Shringara Aarti: 9:00 PM to 10:15 PM (Night)
  5. Shayana Aarti: 10:30 PM ti 11:00 PM (Night)


Vishwanath Gali,
Varanasi-221 001


  1. Varanasi Junction 6 Km
  2. Mughalsarai 17 Km
  3. Maduadin 4 Km
  4. Varanasi City 2 Km

Travel Mode

Varanasi is easily accessible from all parts of the country. Very well connected by road, rail and air, the City offers convenient and comfortable travelling options to and from other cities of India.

By Road :
Varanasi is situated on NH2 from Calcutta to Delhi. Various City such as- New Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Vindhyachal, Patna, Gorkhapur, Nagpur, Sonauli, Azamgarh, Gaya
Local Transport :
Taxis : Private taxis are available from travel agencies, hotels, etc., auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws and Tempos are also readily available.
Left Luggage Facility :
Left luggage facility is available at both the Varanasi and Mughalsarai railway stations(24 Hours).
By Rail :
Varanasi is an important and major rail junction. The city is served by trains from all metros and major cities across the country. New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta, Chennai, Bangalore, Gwalior, Meerut, indore, Guwahati, Allahbad, Lucknow, Dehradun… the city has direct rail connections.
For more details about train please visit the following website.indianrail.gov.in
Varanasi Cantt Railway Station Enquiry number 139.
By Air :
All airlines in India fly to Babatpur airport which is 22 km. from Varanasi and 30 km. from Sarnath There are direct, daily flight connection between Varanasi and New Delhi. It also connects Varanasi to Delhi, Agra,. Khajuraho, Calcutta, Mumbai, Lucknow and Bhuvaneshwar. For travel reservations contact any airline websits.

Nearby Temples

  • Kutralanathar Temple
  • Sri Thondargal Nainar Swami Temple
  • Nellaiappar Temple
  • Sri Kotha Parameswarar Temple
  • Mahadeva Temple
  • Sankara Narayana Swamy Temple
  • Kailasanathar Temple

Surrounding Places to Visit

  • Manikarnika Ghat
  • Dashashwamedh Ghat

Temple Accomodation


Private Accomodation



SL.No Sevas / Poojas Amount
1-a Mangala Aarti(3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.) 300.00
(Normal Days only)
1-b Mangala Aarti(3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.) 1000.00
(Shravan Monday only)
1-c Mangala Aarti(3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.) 500.00
(Shravan days except Monday)
1-d Mangala Aarti(3.00 A.M. to 4.00 A.M.) 1500.00
(Maha Shivratri day only)
1-e Bhog/Aarti(11.15 A.M. to 12.20 P.M.) 125
1-f Saptarshee( 7.00 P.M. to 8.15 P.M.) 150
1-g Night Shringar/Bhog Aarti(9.00 P.M. to 10.15P.M.) 150
1-h Night Shayan Aarti(10.30 P.M. to 11 P.M.) Free
2 Rudrabhishek (1 shastri) 150
3 Rudrabhishek (5 shastri) 400
4 Rudrabhishek (11 shastri)-(4.00 A.M. to 6.00 P.M.) 700
5 Laghu Rudra (11 shastri) 1200
6 Maharudra (11 shastri) 11 Days 10000

Annual Uthsavas

  1. Foundation Day :
    Lord Kashi Vishwanatha Temple is one of the most famous revered Hindu temples in India and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, considered as holiest existing place for Hindus. The temple is situated on western bank of the holy river Ganges, and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, the holiest among all the Lord Shiva temples in India. The main deity is known as Lord Vishwanatha or Lord Vishweshwara meaning Ruler of the universe. This temple town which claims to be the oldest living city in the world, with 3500 year’s old documented history, is also called Kashi and hence the temple is popularly called Kashi Vishwanatha Temple. This temple has been referred to in Hindu scriptures as time immemorial and considered as central part of worship in Shaiva philosophy. This temple has been destroyed and re-constructed number of times in the history. The last structure was demolished by King Aurangzeb, who constructed the Gyanvapi Mosque on this site. The current structure was built to the adjacent site by then Maratha monarch Queen Ahailya Bai Holkar of Indore in 1780. Since 1983 this temple is managed by the government of Uttar Pradesh. During the religious occasion of Shivratri, King Kashi Naresh (King of Kashi) who was the chief officiating priest and no other person or priest was allowed to enter the sanctum sanctorum. It is only after he performs his religious functions that others devotees were allowed to enter.
  2. Makar Sankranti :
    Makar Sankranti is one of the most auspicious day for the Hindus, and is celebrated in almost all parts of our country in myriad cultural forms, with great devotion, fervor & happiness Lakhs of people visit this town immerse/dip in places like River Ganga Sagar & Prayaga and pray to Lord Sun. It is celebrated with pomp in southern parts of the country as Pongal, and in Punjab is celebrated as Lohri & Magahi. Gujarati's not only look reverentially up to the sun, but also offer thousands of their colorful oblations in the form of beautiful kites all over the skyline. They are trying to reach up to glorious God or try to achieve greater proximity with the one who represents the best. It is on this day for which Sage Bhishma Pitamah kept waiting to leave his mortal coil. Makar Sankranti is the day when the glorious Sun-God of Hindus begins its ascendancy and entry into the Northern Hemisphere. Sun for the Hindus stands for Pratyaksha-Brahman - the manifested God, who symbolizes, the one, non-dual, self-effulgent, glorious divinity blessing all mankind. Sun is the one who transcends time and also the one who rotates the proverbial Wheel of Time. The famous Gayathri Mantra, which is chanted everyday by every faithful Hindu, is directed to Sun God to bless them with intelligence & wisdom. Sun not only represents God but also stands as embodiment of knowledge & wisdom. Lord Krishna reveals in Gita that this manifested divinity was his first disciple, and we all know it to be indeed worthy one as well. No Sundays for the Sun lord, may be because one who revels in its very 'being', the very essence of his own Self, is always in the Sunday mood.
    The co-relation of cosmic events with individual life and values as one of the most astounding traits of Hindu Masters. Once this co-relation is brought about thereafter these cosmic events become instrumental to remind us the best events which we cherish & value. Of all the cosmic bodies Sun is considered as most glorious & important, thus every sun-centric cosmic event becomes very important for spiritual, religious & cultural events. On Makar Sankranti day the Sun Lord begins its ascendancy and journey into the Northern Hemisphere, and thus it signifies an event wherein the Gods seem to remind our children narrates as ‘Tomaso Ma Jyotir Gamaya'. May you go higher & higher - to more & more Light and never to darkness.
  3. Mahashivaratri :
    Shivaratri is celebrated on the 6th night of the dark Phalguna Masa /month (Feb or March) every year. On the auspicious day, devotees observe fast and keep vigil all night. Mahashivaratri marks the night when Lord Shiva performed the 'Tandava'. Firmly believed that on this day Lord Shiva was married to goddess Parvati Ma. On this day Shiva devotees observe fast and offer fruits, flowers and bel leaves on Shiva Linga. At our temple this festival celebrated with great spiritualism.
  4. Shrawan Masa :
    Shrawan Masa is highly auspicious month for the lord Shiva devotees. Special decoration is conceded every Monday of this month. On first Monday of the month lord Shiva’s decoration is being performed, on second Monday lord Bhagwan Shankar and mother Parvathi’s moveable statues are being decorated. On third and fourth Monday, shri Ardhanarishwar and Shri Rudrakshara, decoration is being performed respectively. The whole month of Shrawan Maah is celebrated with great enthusiasm, it is highly auspicious as every member of Lord Shiva’s family is decorated and special 'Jhoola Sringar' is performed.
  5. Dev Deepawali :
    The Dev Deepawali ("the Diwali of the Gods" or "Festival of Lights of the Gods") is festival of Kartika Purnima celebrated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Normally It falls on the full moon of the Hindu month of Kartika (November - December) and occurs exactly fifteen days after Diwali. The steps of all the Ghats on the riverfront of the Ganges River, from Ravidas gnat at the southern end to Rajghat, are lit with more than million earthen lamps (divas) in honor of goddess Ganga, the Ganges, and its presiding goddess. The gods are believed to descend on Earth to bathe in the Ganges on this auspicious day. This festival is also observed as Tripura Purnima Snan. The tradition of lighting the lamps on the Dev Deepawali festival day was first started at the Panchganga Ghats in 1985.[4] During Dev Deepawali, houses are decorated with oil lamps and colored designs on their front doors. Firecrackers are burnt at night, processions of decorated deities are taken out into the streets of Varanasi, and oil lamps are set afloat on the river Ganges.
  6. Annakoot :
    Annakoot is celebrated in observance of the episode in Lord Sri Krishna's childhood, in which He provided protection to the cowherd clan of Vrindavan from the wrath of Indira and humbled Indira in that process. The cowherds, their wives, children and cattle jubilantly surrounded Sri Krishna. They were awed by His superhuman accomplishment and celebrated Sri Krishna's feat with sumptuous feast. Thus began the tradition of Annakoot. After the prayers, traditional worship & Aarti, innumerable varieties of delicious sweets/ all cooking’s / 56 Bhog were ceremoniously raised in the form of mountain before the deity as "Bhog" and after Lord has its full , now it was citizens turn to approach the Mountain of Food and accept Prasad from here. It was Great Feast for residents of Goverdhan & they all enjoyed it thoroughly
  7. Rangbhari (Amalakii) Ekadashi :
    Once in month of Phalguna (February - March), the holy fast of Amalakii Ekadasi is observed, conjoined with Dwadashi. This particular fast would bestow especially great benefit. Amalakii is offspring of Lord Brahma, who can destroy all kinds of sinful reactions. Amalakii, is actually in form of Brahman, and was once worshiped by Lord Ramachandra Himself. Whoever circumambulates here is therefore immediately freed of all their sins.
    After having bath offered Amalakii tree with a pot filled with water, as well as garland and aromatic incense. Then worship Lord Parashurama with these prayers: 'Oh Lord Parashurama, Oh son of Goddess Renuka, Oh all-pleasing one, Oh liberator of the worlds, kindly come beneath this holy Amalakii tree and accept our humble obeisance’s. ‘If the Amarlaki tree isn't available then worship the sacred Tulsi tree. Also plant the sacred Tulsi seeds, and offer lamps to her.
  8. Akshya Tritiya :
    Akshya Tritiya is considered one of the four most auspicious days of the Vedic Calendar. It is the third day of the new moon of Vaishakha month (April-May).